ETLV 1STMG

Tuesday Jan. 7th

CHARTS = des graphiques

The pie chart (=camembert) is about work time. It shows that women prefer working part-time because they raise the children, whereas men prefer working full-time to have more money.

Part time: for students, or for people who want to raise children, who for retired people (les retraités)

The bar chart (=l'histogramme) is about gender inequalities at work: there is a pay gap. Women have a lower wage than men, so men have a higher wage.

The line chart (la courbe) is about women who don't work before 64: - maybe they are retired. - maybe they are unemployed = jobless.

 

Tuesday Dec, 5th

Mrs Benson

Mrs Benson notes

Tuesday Nov., 26th

 CHARACTERISTICS

 

IDENTIFICATION

Vocabulary to memorize

1.       NAME OF THE COMPANY

 

A company = entreprise, société

2.       MANAGEMENT

= who runs the company ? = name of the owner and/or CEO

to run a company = gérer

owner = propriétaire

CEO = Chief Executive Officer = PDG

3.       TYPES AND GOALS OF THE ORGANIZATION

•         Private companies:

ü  Economic and financial goal: to make a profit 

ü  Social goal : the well-being of employees                CSR

ü  Societal goal and environmental concern

•         State-owned organizations and companies:

ü  Public service duty / offer services to citizens

•         Non-profit: Non-profit organization

(possible actors : community associations = charities who benefit from government subsidies / NGOs = independent associations / trade unions)

Goals: Humanitarian,  Social, Ecological/environmental…

       Non-market services                 

 

A profit = bénéfice

Well-being = bien-être

CSR = RSE

Duty = DEVOIR(s), missions

Citizens = citoyens

=OSC (organisations de la société civile)

Charities = associations

Subsidies = subventions

Benefit from = bénéficier de

NGO = ONG

Trade unions = syndicats

4.       ACTIVITY

·       Goods production/manufacturing     

·       Services production  / service-oriented missions       

·       Market activity / Retail

·       Non-market activity

Goods = les biens, marchandises

Manufacturing = manufacture, production

Market = marché

Retail = vente au detail (aux particuliers)

5.       ECONOMIC SECTOR

•        Primary sector : Extraction of raw materials, Fishing  Agriculture=Farming, Mining

•        Secondary sector/industrial sector: Producing finished goods

•        Tertiary sector: services (Consumers)

Raw material = matières premières

Farming  = agriculture

Goods = marchandises, biens

Consumers = consommateurs

6.       SIZE OF THE COMPANY

•        Micro-business company/enterprise + SME (Small- and Medium-Sized Company): between zero and nine employees

•        Small Company: between ten and two hundred and forty-nine employees

•        Medium-sized company: between two hundred and fifty and five thousand employees

•        Large company/corporation : Over 5 thousand employees

A corporation = a parent company/headquarter + subsidiaries

MBC = auto-entrepreneur

Employee = employé, salarié

SME = TPE (très petite entreprise)

Hundred = 100

Thousand = 1000

Parent company = MAISON mère

Headquarter = siege social

Subsidiaries = succursales,  filiales

7.       RESOURCES

•        Human resources ( ex: Employees, Civil servants, Volunteers…)

•        Financial assets  (ex: Profit,  Loan, Donation, Subsidy)

•        Tangible assets : ( ex: Buildings, Equipment …)

•        Intangible assets  (ex: Patent, Know-how, IT like…

Civil servants = fonctionnaires

Volunteers = bénvoles

Loan = prêts, crédits

Subsidy = subventions

Tangible = matériel

Intangible = immatériel

Patent = brevet

Know-How = savoir-faire

IT = l’informatique

8.       GEOGRAPHIC SCOPE

·       Local

·       National

·       European

·       International / multinational

 

Tuesday November, 19th

ETLV questions for an interview

a measure = une mesure
team work = travail en équipe
schedules = emploi du temps / horaires de travail
geographic scope = champ géographique
involved in = impliqué dans
to earn = gagner (un salaire)
a wage = un salaire
sustainable development = développement durable
CSR = RSE
to sell = vendre
a product = un produit
gender equality = égalité hommes-femmes

Tuesday Sept, 10th

PRESENT A JOB AND THE JOB’S REQUIREMENTS (=exigences, besoins)

If you love sports, you need to be a sports manager.

If you like travelling, you can be an event manager, because you will need to travel.

If you like to advise people, you should be a banker / you could become a banker.

MEMO :

  • On met un déterminant devant le métier. Exemple : I am A teacher.
  • To advise = conseiller

you need to + VB =  vous avez besoin de

you have to + VB = you must + VB

you're required to + VB

you're supposed to + VB /səˈpəʊzd/       vous devez …

you're expected to + VB /ɪkˈspektɪd/

it enables you to + VB /ɪˈneɪbl/

it allows you to + VB /əˈlaʊ/          cela vous permet de …

it gives you the possibility to + VB

If you like + Ving, you can + VB = si vous aimez (faire …) , vous pouvez …

be good at + Ving/N

If you know how to + VB, … = si vous savez + verbe …